“Positive Behavior Support (PBS) is a set of research-based strategies used to increase quality of life and decrease problem behavior by teaching new skills and making changes in a person’s environment. Positive behavior support combines valued outcomes, behavioral and biomedical science, validated procedures, and systems change to enhance quality of life and reduce problem behavior” (Association for Positive Behavior Support)
What is a Positive Behavior Support Plan?
A Positive Behavior Support Plan (PBSP) is the plan of action put into place to change the behavior of an individual. I decided to write on this topic, because this question was received from a reader:
What do you suggest for simple positive behavioral plans that can be used no matter what the behavior we are seeking to change?
Tips for Creating a PBSP
It is important to understand that a PBSP is not simple and differs from plan to plan. But, there are some threads that are similar.
- A plan must identify a behavior that is the target for change. To find out what the behavior is that needs to be targeted, observational data must be taken and patterns of behavior need to be shown. To come up with a plan that is effective, it must be driven from this data.
- After a professional indicates the target behavior that needs changing, a replacement behavior must be indicated. It must specify in the plan how that target behavior will be taught, by whom, and how data will be taken to show progress over time.
- The plan should also give strategies for how the targeted behavior will be decreased. There may need to be a change in the individuals environment because he/she may be reacting to external stimuli.
Different strategies are implemented depending on the behavior that is being targeted. There is not a one-size-fits-all-plan or cookie cutter answer. It is specific to the individual and each situation is different. There are many strategies that can be taken out of textbooks, but to have a good and effective plan, it must be individualized. That is what the “I” in “IEP” stands for. I suggest that a good plan be written and implemented by an individual that is qualified.
What is Positive Behavior Support? by Association for Positive Behavior Support, <http://www.apbs.org/new_apbs/genintro.aspx>.